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Texas Holocaust and Genocide Commission

Nazi Genocides: 1933-1945

Introduction:

Although Nazi leaders undeniably viewed the total annihilation of Jewry, or what they called the “Final Solution” to the “Jewish Problem,” as their primary goal, they also persecuted and murdered members of other victim groups. Below are links to educational pages regarding these other genocides that were perpetrated by the Nazis and their collaborators.

General Information:

Readings
Documenting Numbers of Victims of the Holocaust and Nazi Persecution
Who Were the Victims?
"Enemies of the State"
Non-Jewish Victims of Persecution in Germany
Victims of the Nazi Era: Nazi Racial Ideology

Roma and Sinti (Porajmos):

Readings
Persecution of Roma (Gypsies) in Prewar Germany, 1933-1939
Genocide of European Roma (Gypsies), 1939-1945
Targeting the Sinti and Roma
What is antigypsyism/anti-Roma discrimination?

Audiovisual
Introduction to the Gypsy genocide

Poles:

Readings
Polish Victims
Dividing Poland and Its People

Audiovisual
The Nazi Persecution of Polish Catholics: The Wojtas Family Collection

Mentally and/or Physically Infirm (T-4 Program):

Readings
The Murder of People with Disabilities
Final Solutions: Murderous Racial Hygiene, 1939-1945
Euthanasia Program
"Unworthy to Live"
Protesting Medical Killing

Audiovisual
Caring Corrupted - The Killing Nurses of The Third Reich
Disability Awareness Month: The Nazis' Nameless Victims

Homosexual Men:

Lesson Plans
Homosexual Life Under Nazi Rule: The Legacy of Paragraph 175

Readings
Gay Men Under the Nazi Regime
Nazi Persecution of Homosexuals 1933-1945
Homosexuality in the Third Reich

Audiovisual
Pride Month: The Nazi Persecution of Gay People
Documenting Nazi Persecution of Gays: Josef Kohout/Wilhelm Kroepfl Collection

Jehovah’s Witnesses:

Readings
Nazi Persecution of Jehovah's Witnesses
Nazi Persecution of Jehovah's Witnesses - ID Card/Oral History

Audiovisual
The Nazi Persecution of Jehovah's Witnesses: The Kusserow Collection
What Did the Faith Community Stand For? Doctrines and Deeds in Nazi Europe

Soviet Prisoners of War:

Reading
Nazi Persecution of Soviet Prisoners of War

Audiovisual
A WWII Russian prisoner of war remember[s] the Americans who helped him survive