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Texas Holocaust and Genocide Commission

Approved Literary/Print Materials for the Classroom

SB 1828 assigns the THGAAC the task of approving resources that can be used in the classroom. The following resources are approved. SB 1828 allows each Texas school district to decide which THGAAC-approved materials are age-appropriate for their students. The THGAAC includes age recommendations for each title.
Educators should screen in advance anything shown to students to ensure appropriateness.

Bauer, Yehuda. A History of the Holocaust. One of the most commonly taught secondary history texts
Age recommendation: high school, due to reading level and disturbing subject matter

Borowski, Tadeusz. This Way for the Gas, Ladies and Gentlemen, translated by Barbara Vedder. Collection of short stories by a non-Jew who was imprisoned in Auschwitz; some stories are very short; two of the stories may be found in the ODLE
Age recommendation: high school, due to disturbing subject matter

Browning, Christopher. The Origins of the Final Solution: The Evolution of Nazi Jewish Policy, September 1939-March 1942. Very detailed secondary history text
Age recommendation: high school, due to reading level

Celan, Paul. Selected Poems and Prose of Paul Celan, translated by Paul Felstiner. Poems by survivor; includes several of the most critically lauded Holocaust poems, such as “Death Fugue”; some poems may be found in the ODLE
Age recommendation: high school, due to reading level

Davidowicz, Lucy. The War Against the Jews. One of the first and most commonly taught secondary history texts
Age recommendation: high school, due to reading level

Delbo, Charlotte. None of Us Shall Return. Memoir by a non-Jew who was imprisoned in Auschwitz; can also be found published as a part of a much longer trilogy in one volume, Auschwitz and After; includes both prose and poetry
Age recommendation: high school, due to reading level and disturbing subject matter

Frank, AnneThe Diary of a Young GirlThe most widely read text by a Holocaust victim
Age recommendation: middle school
Advisory note: educators teaching this text would do well to read the Anne Frank chapters in Alvin Rosenfeld's The End of the Holocaust, as well as Cynthia Ozick's famous article in The New Yorker, "Who Owns Anne Frank?"

Frankl, Victor. Man’s Search for Meaning. Survivor memoir
Age recommendation: high school, due to reading level and disturbing subject matter

Gilbert, Martin. Atlas of the Holocaust. Illustrated secondary history text
Age recommendation: middle school

Golabek, Mona & Lee Cohen. The Children of Willesden Lane. Memoir about the Kindertransport to the UK
Age recommendation: high school, due to reading level; the young readers edition is available and appropriate for middle school

Hiemer, Ernst. The Poisonous Mushroom, with illustrations by “Fipps”. Children’s picture book; highly disturbing Nazi antisemitic propaganda designed for young children, originally published by Julius Streicher; a first edition may be seen on exhibit at Holocaust Museum Houston; facsimile available here.
Age recommendation: high school, due to disturbing subject matter

Hilberg, Raul. The Destruction of the European Jews. One of the first and most commonly taught secondary history texts
Age recommendation: high school, due to reading level

Hochstadt, Steve. Sources of the Holocaust. Anthology of short primary sources
Age recommendation: high school, due to reading level

Klein, Gerda Weissmann. All But My Life. Survivor memoir; describes concentration camps and death march; author and account are also the subject of Oscar-winning documentary, One Survivor Remembers; excerpts are available in the ODLE
Age recommendation: high school, due to potentially challenging reading level

Leitner, Isabella. Fragments of Isabella. Survivor memoir; new edition published in 2018; very short chapters and short overall length
Age recommendation: middle school reading level, but disturbing subject matter is more appropriate for high school

Lengyel, Olga. Five Chimneys. Survivor memoir
Age recommendation: high school, due to reading level and especially graphic and horrifying descriptions, even compared to most other memoirs

Levi, Primo. Survival in Auschwitz. Survivor memoir; one of the most famous and critically lauded memoirs; all memoirs by Levi are recommended; an excerpt from Levi’s The Reawakening is available in the ODLE
Age recommendation: high school, due to reading level and disturbing subject matter

Lowry, LoisNumber the Stars. Young adult novel; describes rescue of Danish Jews from a child's perspective; Newbery Honor Book
Age recommendation: middle school

Müller, Filip. Eyewitness Auschwitz: Three Years in the Gas Chambers. Survivor memoir; describes work by Sonderkommando in the gas chambers
Age recommendation: high school, due to reading level and especially graphic and horrifying descriptions, even compared to most other memoirs

Nomberg-Przytyk, Sarah. Auschwitz: True Tales from a Grotesque Land. Survivor memoir
Age recommendation: high school, due to reading level and disturbing subject matter

Ozick, Cynthia. The Shawl. Novella; describes a mother’s horror at the brutal murder of her baby in a camp; short length; entire story may be found in the ODLE
Age recommendation: high school, due to reading level and disturbing subject matter

Ozsváth, Zsuzsanna. When the Danube Ran Red. Survivor memoir; describes hiding, witnessing the mass shooting of Jews; Texas connection: Author is an Endowed Chair in Holocaust Studies at UT-Dallas; a few chapters may be found in the ODLE; NOTE: an interview with Ozsváth can be viewed here (Part I) and here (Part II)
Age recommendation: middle school

Pagis, Dan. The Selected Poetry of Dan Pagis, translated by Stephen Mitchell. Poems by a survivor; includes famous Holocaust poems, including “Written in Pencil on the Sealed Railway Car”; several poems may be found in the ODLE
Age recommendation: middle school

Radnóti, Miklós. Foamy Sky: The Major Poems of Miklós Radnóti, A Bilingual Edition, translated by Zsuzsanna Ozsváth and Frederick Turner. Poems by victim of the Holocaust; victim was shot into mass grave; some poems were found in his pocket when his corpse was exhumed; both translators are faculty at UT-Dallas, and Ozsváth is a survivor
Age recommendation: high school, due to reading level

Richter, Hans Peter. Friedrich. Autobiographical novel by member of the Hitler Youth; describes systematic, gradual persecution and murder of one Jewish family that author knew; short length, comparatively simple language; several chapters may be found in the ODLE
Age recommendation: middle school

Sachs, Nelly. Collected Poems 1944-1949. Poems by Jewish woman who fled to Sweden to survive; poet became first Jewish woman to win the Nobel Prize in Literature; includes famous poems, such as “O the Chimneys”
Age recommendation: middle school

Senesh, Hannah. Her Life and Diary, The First Complete Edition. Biography, essays, and poetry; describes theme of Jewish resistance: a Jewish woman, as part of a small team of Jews that parachuted into Yugoslavia on a mission to save Hungary’s endangered Jews, is captured and executed; includes famous poems, such as “Blessed is the Match”
Age recommendation: poetry for middle school; other entries for high school, due to reading level

Siegal, Aranka. Upon the Head of the Goat: A Childhood in Hungary 1939-1944. Survivor memoir; describes ghetto; narrative ends with deportation, so no camps are depicted for young readers; Newbery Honor Book; a few chapters may be found in the ODLE
Age recommendation: middle school

Spiegelman, ArtMaus. Graphic novel that depicts a father's terrifying journey towards Auschwitz and its aftermath, as recounted by his son
Age recommendation: middle school

Spiegelman, Art. Maus II. Graphic novel that depicts a father's horrifying experiences in Auschwitz and its aftermath, as recounted by his son
Age recommendation: middle school

Tec, NechamaWhen Light Pierced the Darkness. Study by a sociologist and survivor examining what motivated rescues of Jews in Poland.
Age recommendation: high school, due to reading level

Wiesel, Elie. Night. Survivor memoir; author was the most famous survivor in the world and the recipient of Nobel Peace Prize; comparatively short length; excerpts may be found in the ODLE
Age recommendation: high school, due to reading level and disturbing subject matter

Wiesenthal, Simon. The Sunflower: On the Possibilities and Limits of Forgiveness. Survivor memoir with symposia; has two parts: In the first, the survivor recounts his experience as a camp inmate who was asked for forgiveness by a dying SS officer; in the second, people from a variety of backgrounds provide brief responses offering thoughts on whether forgiveness should have been given. While this is a highly engaging text to use with students, educators should take care never to frame the Holocaust or the survivor experience only in terms of forgiveness. Several excerpts are available in the ODLE.
Age recommendation: high school, due to reading level and complex subject matter

Zapruder, Alexandra. Salvaged Pages: Young Writers’ Diaries of the Holocaust. Anthology of firsthand accounts
Age recommendation: middle school, but reading level may be challenging

Readings on the THGAAC Antisemitism page, the THGAAC Texas Connections page, and the THGAAC ODLE are also approved for classroom use during Holocaust Remembrance Week.